1) One who is lazy gains no knowledge. One who has no knowledge gains no wealth. One who has no wealth has no good companion has no solace. One who has no solace cannot gain merit. How can one find the way to Nirvana without good deeds?
2) In this world, there is no wealth equal to learning. Thieves cannot steal learning. Learning is the true friend and can give happiness.
3) Never think of knowledge and wisdom as little. Seek it and store it in the mind. Note that anthills are built with small particles of dust and incessantly falling raindrops, when collected, can fill a big pot.
4) Never think of arts and science as trivial. When learnt completely, even one kind of proficiency can be used as livelihood.
5) There is no ruby in every mountain. There is no pearl in every elephant. There is no sandalwood in every forest. There is no sage in every place.
6) One who wants knowledge should get to the wise and learn seriously.
7) As a drum emits sound when struck the learned responds only when asked. Asked or not, the uneducated speaks too much.
8) Chronicled knowledge shall not be regarded as one’s own. Property in the hands of other shall not be regarded as one’s own.
9) Being cultured or not can be known by behaviour. Being learned or not can be known by speech.
10) One with scanty knowledge tends to think a little learning a lot. It is just as a puny frog, not having seen an ocean, thinks a little well of water a lot.
11) Pursue education in early age. Pursue wealth in middle age. Pursue Dhamma in old age.
12) One without knowledge has to carry other’s burden. Others honour one who has knowledge. So strive daily to get knowledge.
13) Parents must educate the children while young. If not, they will be unbecoming among others as a daddy-bird is unbecoming among hamsas. For not being educated, son and parents can turn out to be an enemy.
14) Who sharpens the thorn to be pointed? Who put eye drops the deer’s eye to be shiny? Who put scent in the lily growing in mud to be fragrant? Those may happen by nature. The good descendents should themselves try without help.
15) What causes unsavouriness is: – A betel-quid without lime. Curry without salt. Dressing up flauntingly without wealth. Composing verse without education.
16) Listening and noting well enriches knowledge. Knowledge enhances progress.
17) Man or cattle are capable of sleeping, eating, or having sex. Education is the quality where man excels.
18) There is no friend like learning. There is no enemy like disease.
19) A hamsa is out of place among crows. A lion is out of place among cattle. A horse is out of place among donkeys. A learned person is out of place among the bad.
20) Just as that ladle knows not the taste of the curry, the foolish knows not Dhamma, even though close to the wise for life. Just as the tongue knows the taste of the curry, so also does the clever one know the Dhamma promptly, even by associating shortly with the wise?
21) Go not to the battlefield without arms. Speak not without references to treatises. Travel not afar without companion.
22) Speak appropriately when opportune. Find one who is suited and should be loved.
23) Without wealth, be not excessive in eating. Without strength, love not fighting. Without learning, speak not too much.
24) Don’t visit another’s house frequently without being invited. Don’t talk too much without being asked. Don’t extol and boast of one. (Don’t blow one’s own trumpet.)
25) A half-empty vessel makes sounder. A person not fully educated tends to show off.
26) The ocean is not contented in receiving water. The eye is not contented in seeing the beloved. The wise is not contented in good speech.
27) Though fully endowed with good looks and youthfulness he has no knowledge is ungraceful. It is like Pauk-Pwint (pauk flower) without scent.
28) Even the son of low parentage can be the king’s counselor. Even the son of the foolish can be a sage. Even the son of a poor man can be rich. So don’t be contemptuous of a man.
29) The pupil who wants knowledge and studies too many cannot recite what he studies just like dumb one who cannot retell the dream.
30) The pot maker strikes the pot not to break it, but to make it fine. So also the teacher admonishes the pupils not to hurt them, but to enhance the benefit of learning.
31) Pauk leaf that wraps Taungzalat flower smells fragrant like that flower. So also is the same for those who associate with wise.
32) As the egret is ungraceful among Hamsas, so also is the foolish in an assembly.
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